Protein C Activity
Protein C (PC) is the vitamin K dependent zymogen of the serine protease activated protein C (APC), which functions as a regulator of secondary haemostasis by inactivating FVa & FVIIIa within a forming clot. PC attaches to vessel endothelium via a specific receptor, endothelial PC receptor (EPCR) and then migrates across the endothelial surface 'in search' of its activator. If a clot is being formed, some of the thrombin leaks onto the endothelial surface and encounters membrane-bound thrombomodulin (TM), whereupon they form a complex that induces a conformational change in thrombin such that it loses procoagulant activity and instead adopts an anticoagulant role by activating PC. The APC/EPCR complex then dissociates from the TM-throbmin complex and the APC is released to migrate onto the surface of an activated platelet. PC & its non-enzymatic cofactor protein S (PS) are vitamin K dependent and so bind to surface phospholipid and PS orientates the active site of PC above the platelet surface to facilitate inactivation of substrates by cleavage of a small number of peptide bonds. Inactivation of FVIIIa additionally requires zymogen FV to operate synergistically with PS in a cofactor role.
Deficiency of PC can be qualitative or quantitative and reduces the effectiveness of haemostasis regulation, thus tipping the balance towards an increased risk of venous thromboembolism. "
77.1 - 126.4
"The sample should be analysed or manipulated & stored in the laboratory within 4 hours of venepuncture.
Please ensure sample tubes are filled exactly to the fill-line as underfilling creates a dilution error and leads to inaccurate results."
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Last updated: 07/08/2015